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- Who was to blame for the cold war
- Who was to blame for the cold war?
A mushroom cloud towers 20, feet above Nagasaki, Japan, following a second nuclear attack by the United States on August 9, By that time, Washington had already possessed the bomb for several months and even used it in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Until , the USSR lacked nuclear weapons.
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The memorandum was just the first in a long list of such documents. If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material.
Sept 19 The U. A mushroom cloud towers 20, feet above Nagasaki, Japan, following a second nuclear attack by the United States on August 9, Getty Images. Russian history Cold War History. Subscribe to our newsletter! This paper will point a literary finger at one side and defend that stance. The simple tendency for American political flaws to be paraded in public by the media, as opposed to the Soviet secrecy fetish, led to a revisionist view of the Cold War where the blame was almost entirely placed on the West.
During the time of McCarthyism, two schools of revisionists, hard and soft, both felt this way, though with different specifics to their cases. Those of the hard revisionist camp believed that the Cold War was little more than a ploy by American industry, in conjunction with the military, to force the opening of eastern markets to the west. Those in the softer camp felt that the Cold War was the responsibility of Harry Truman and his administration for abandoning the cooperative framework established by Roosevelt and for using the atomic bomb as a scare tactic in negotiations with the Soviet Union.
Upon close inspection, it is evident that these revisionist claims are based not on evidence of action or intent but on beliefs of motivation, both on the side of the United States and Russia. These new thinkers felt that Stalin was little more than a traditional Soviet leader attempting to protect Soviet interests. These claims are easily debunked. Historical studies have found little or no evidence in support of these claims.
It is unarguable that western society has been opposed to Communism since at least , but the assertion that the Cold War was little more than a ploy to gain access to eastern markets is unfounded, as there is no proof to support such claims and the markets of the poor east would hold little, if any, impact on the western economy. The counter to this argument is that the motives of the westerners were so ingrained that they were never committed to paper. This attempt at proof without evidence is little more than a poor joke.
As for the profession that the blame lies on the Truman administration, and that the atomic bomb was a negotiating tool aimed at Russia, not Japan, all evidence indicates that the decision to use the bomb was based purely on military concerns and no administration, since the founding of the United States, has existed without flaw. However, no flaw in the Truman administration was great enough to warrant the tremendous burden the revisionists believe it deserves.
While this new school of thought successfully confirmed the previous belief that that the blame is to be shared, they did not effectively show that the majority of it belonged to the west. These traditional thinkers will cite, as did Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. In , Stalin began a new domestic policy of terror.
It was widely hinted that Stalin himself had arranged the assassination, even by the likes of Khrushchev. Several head military leaders were reported as court-martialed and executed at the time as well.
Add to this tally the civilian casualties and the deaths are most efficiently measured in tens of millions. In this manner, Stalin tamed the unruly Communist Party in Russia as well as the surviving elite class of Russians. This reign of terror persisted until Stalin himself gave the order to reduce it.
If this is not justification for fear and misunderstanding on the part of the westerners, there is no feasible justification.
Who was to blame for the cold war
At this point, Stalin had reached the pinnacle of a historic, quarter century reign during which many say he possessed more unquestioned power than any leader before or since. He began a policy of claiming bordering free states as Soviet protectorates. The only disruption to this policy was the defection of Titoist Yugoslavia.
This would be seen as an act of war, and Stalin didnt believe that the Allies would go that far, he thought that the Allies were much more likely to abandon their zones and leave the whole of Berlin in soviet hands. Truman not trust Stalin, he actively provoked a reaction out of Stalin when testing the atomic bomb, however it could also be said that the test was simply a defence mechanism used to scare Stalin and remind him of the former agreement.
If Russia hadnt expanded into Eastern Europe, would the Cold War have actually ever been mentioned in a history lesson?
These include, but are not limited to, who the primary aggressor was, what were the motivations of the aggressor, what lead to its end, and whether or not the Cold War happened at all. This was soon made Trizonia when France joined. Was it a compilation of both sides actions? Stalin wanted to cripple Germany and wanted compensation for the 20 mil soviet dead. In this manner, Stalin tamed the unruly Communist Party in Russia as well as the surviving elite class of Russians.
Polands Eastern border would be moved west to the rivers Oder and Neisse. To add to this, whereas Britain was particularly keen to help Poland become a free country, Stalin felt that Poland should be part of his sphere of influence. Another reason was the Marshall Aid program to stop communism and the atomic bomb testing. Moreover, Stalin had increased his influence in the Russian zone of Germany as if it belonged to Russia. If the Soviets hadnt done this, the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan may not have even happened. Roosevelt and Churchill did not want Stalin to have control over Poland.bart.dev3.develag.com
Who was to blame for the cold war?
He called for a western alliance to combat the threat. Stalin wanted to use Poland as a buffer zone to prevent any future invasions from happening through this area. Some areas should have been resolved better to avoid disagreement at a later date e. The question of who, if anyone, was to blame for the war still generates enormous controversy today. It could be said that this provoked Stalin into the Berlin Blockade, but we must question the extremity of the reaction. The two, were in a dangerous state of political tension.